Education > Macaw > Lear's Macaw

Lear's Macaw


Scientific Name: Anodorhynchus leari


Origin: Northeastern Bahia and Northern Brazil.


Habitat: The Lear’s Macaw lives in dry scrublands, woodlands, thorny bushes, and licuri palms. They can be found in pairs or small groups.


Physical Description: Lear’s Macaws stand up to 75cm (29.5 inches) tall.

The feathers on its body, wings, and tail are dark blue, while its head is a lighter blue. Its eye rings are orange-yellow. Yellow teardrop shapes surround the base of its beak. The Lear’s Macaw’s feet are grey, and it has a black beak.


Behavior: Lear’s Macaws are playful and curious, and they are able to imitate human speech. They are very messy eaters. Lear’s Macaw pairs bond for life, however not all pairs mate regularly


Vocalization: The Lear’s Macaw has a loud vocalization. When they are in danger, their call can be heard for miles. It is a loud screech, their signature call


Breeding: The Lear’s Macaw breeds between December and May. They fashion their nests on cliffs, using their saliva to soften the sandstone and create hollows in the cliff. Lear’s Macaws usually nest in colonies, however they remain out of sight from each other.

The female lays one to two eggs per year. She incubates the eggs, leaving only for short periods at a time in order to feed. At night, both the male and female roost in the nest.

The eggs’ survival rate is low due to disease, poaching, or predators. They are critically endangered.

The chicks fledge about 3 months after hatching.


Food Habits: Lear’s Macaws mainly eat licuri palm nuts, as well as agave flowers, and other nuts. They feed in trees and on the ground.