Education > Macaw > Blue and Gold Macaw

Blue and Gold Macaw


Scientific Name: Ara ararauna


Origin: Venezuela, Peru, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Columbia, and Eastern Panama.


Habitat: Blue and Yellow Macaws live in forests, near rivers and swamps, woodland, and savannahs of tropical areas.

They flock in pairs but may also be seen together in large groups.


Physical Description: The Blue and Yellow Macaw stands up to 86cm (34 inches) tall.

It has blue feathers on its torso, tail, and at the top side of its wings and head. The rest of its body is covered in feathers ranging from lime green to the dominant bright yellow.

Its beak and throat are black, and the feathers on its face are white and pink, with fine, black stripes around the eyes. Its irises are yellow.


Behavior: The Blue and Yellow Macaw is intelligent and sociable. It adapts well to various situations and acts friendly around people and other birds. It is known for having an outgoing attitude with potential fits of loud screeching and destructive chewing.


Vocalization: The Blue and Yellow Macaw has a very loud call that is raucous and strong. This bird is able to repeat simple words and phrases.


Breeding: Blue and Yellow Macaws typically have one mate for life. They nest in dead palms, where the female lays two or three eggs. The female Blue and Yellow Macaw incubates the eggs for around 28 days. Once the eggs hatch, only one chick survives, becoming dominant over the others and getting most of the food. The other chicks do not survive. Blue and Yellow Macaw chicks fledge 97 days after hatching.

The male Blue and Yellow Macaw appears ready to mate once its colors become bright. The male with the brightest feathers has a better chance of finding a mate.


Food Habits: The Blue and Yellow Macaw feed on seeds, nuts, berries, and fresh fruits and vegetables.