Education > Conure > Sun Conure

Sun Conure


Scientific Name: Aratinga solstitialis


Origin: Northeastern South America – Venezuela, Guyana, and Northern Brazil.


Habitat: The Sun Conure is found mostly in tropical habitats, dry savannah woodland, coastal forests, humid forests, shrubland, forested valleys, palm groves, and fruiting trees. They flock in large groups of up to 30 birds.


Physical Description: Sun Conures are rather small, standing up to 30cm (12 inches) tall. They are predominantly bright yellow and orange with some red, and with green at the base of their feathers. The bill, legs, and eye rings are grey.

Juvenile Sun Conures have more green plumage. The bright yellow, orange, and red colors do not show until maturation.


Behavior: The Sun Conure is a playful and affectionate bird. They are extremely smart and curious. When communicating with other birds, the Sun Conure gives off a piercing scream, in captivity this behavior can be exhibited when they are in need of attention or to bring attention to something going on, like a watchdog would.


Vocalization: The Sun Conure is quiet when eating, but can make very loud noises when in flight. This bird has an ear-piercing scream when communicating with other birds or when signaling discomfort or need for attention.


Breeding: Sun Conures are monogamous and nest in Mauritia flexuosa palms.

The female lays three to four white eggs, in two to three day intervals.

Females incubate the eggs alone for around 23 to 27 days, leaving the nest for quick feeding.

When the chicks hatch, they are blind and featherless. Ten days later, they can open their eyes and start to grow feathers.

Both the male and the female Sun Conures feed their young.


Food Habits: Sun Conures eat nuts, fruits, leafy greens, root vegetables, and seeds.